Transport modeling of accessing forest fires by ground means
The protection and development of forest ecosystems in the present economic conditions of Russia are associated with some difficulties. They can be covered by optimizing the allocation of resources. Forest management can be implemented by combining two directions: accessing the forest fire (an optimal access route based on the set of parameters like time and route’s length) and accessing the forest resources (logging).
DATA TO BE USED
vectors of public roads
location of fire-chemical stations
forest fires detected by satellite means
The developed geoinformation technology includes the stages of:
building a regional transport network using ArcGIS tools and Network Analyst Toolkit,
creating a transport model of ground access,
producing a database of routes. The shortest routes to access the forest fires are built with the attributes of time, length, “corrected” with the elevation values.
Scheme to build transport models and routes for special transport
Scheme of routes creation
Working process of routes creation
The technology can be used both to create the routes from the archived data and for every day of ongoing fire season.
Example of routes, сreated and mapped for one day of fire season of 2019 within the Siberian Federal District
The transport model as a product is the basis for assessing the time and distance of fire brigade access to the fire detection site, inter-district and interregional maneuvering involving fire-fighting forces of neighboring subjects and forest fire departments of Federal subordination, for implementing a set of measures to protect forests and preserve biodiversity, as well as for the tasks of designing a new network of roads, glades, and stations for the concentration of forces and technical means. Using transport models will allow you to combine and expand the research of different groups of specialists.
Access routes map (archived data of 2002 – 2017) within the zone of ground protection zone of Irkutsk Region
Maps of transport accessibility of forest fires from the fire-chemical stations (archived data of 2002-2019) within the Siberian Federal District
The technology is of interest to management bodies at various levels responsible for the distribution of forces and means of extinguishing forest fires and solving the transport problem of ground access on public roads and forest glades. Technology can be used to the data of a single Russian administrative unit or/and region.
Podolskaia, E., Ershov, D., Kovganko, K. Transport modeling of ground access to fight the forest fires in the Federal Districts of Russia // International scientific and technical online conference “Spatial data in the context of digital transformation”, Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, 25-27 May 2020, Moscow. (in Russian)
Podolskaia E., Ershov D., Kovganko K. Comparison of data sources on transport infrastructure for the regional forest fire management // Reyer, C., Bilogub, M., Mahnken, M., Gutsch, M., Kruger, K., Ramming, A., Reineking, B., Seidl, R., Schelhaas, M.-J., Makela, A., Verkerk, H. (Eds.) (2020): Managing forests in the 21st century: Book of abstracts, Managing forests in the 21st century, Conference at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (Potsdam 2020), 59 p.
Ekaterina S. Podolskaia, Konstantin A. Kovganko, Dmitriy V. Ershov. (2019) Regional geoinformation modeling of ground access to the forest fires in Russia, Advs. Geographic Inf. Sci., Vasily Popovich et al. (Eds.) Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographic Information Systems, 978-3-030-31607-5, pp. 155-165.
Podolskaia, E., Ershov, D., and Kovganko, K.: GIS-analysis of ground transport accessibility of fire stations at regional scale, Abstr. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 1, 301, https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-abs-1-301-2019, 2019.
Ekaterina S. Podolskaia, Konstantin A. Kovganko, Dmitriy V. Ershov. Regional geoinformation modelling of ground access to the forest fires in Russia // The 9th International Symposium on Information Fusion and Intelligent Geographical Information Systems (IF&GIS), May 2019.
Podolskaia, E., Ershov, D., Kovganko, K. Assessment of ground transport accessibility of fire-chemical stations’ forces and means in the organization of rapid extinguishing of forest fires // VII all-Russian scientific conference (with international participation). Aerospace methods and technologies in forest science, forestry and ecology, Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences (CFEP RAS), April 2019. – (in Russian)
E.S. Podolskaia, K.A. Kovganko, D.V. Ershov, P.P. Shulyak, A.I. Suchkov Using of transport network model to estimate travelling time and distance for ground access a forest fire // Original Russian Text © 2019 published in Forest Science Issues Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-24. DOI 10.31509/2658-607x-2019-2-2-1-22
Podolskaia, E., Ershov, D., Kovganko, K. (2018) Modern GIS-capabilities to model ground access to the forest fires // Conference of Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity (CFEP RAS). Scientific bases of sustainable forest management (in Russian)
Podolskaia, E. S., Ershov, D.V., Kovganko, K.A., and Plotnikova, A. S. (2017): Creation of a GIS-model to plan the optimal route to deliver the technical means to the place of forest fire // Forests of Russia: Politics, Industry, Science, and Education. Proceedings of the 2nd International science and technical conference. Edited by Gedio V. M.: 200-202. (in Russian).